Moisture Content of Grains for Storage

Nov 13, 2023


Welcome to TSGC Inc., your trusted partner in farm equipment repair and farming equipment solutions. Today, we explore the crucial topic of moisture content in grains for storage. Proper control and monitoring of moisture levels play a pivotal role in preventing spoilage and maintaining the overall quality of stored grains. By understanding the significance of moisture content and implementing suitable measures, you can maximize the longevity and profitability of your grain storage efforts.

The Importance of Moisture Content

Moisture content refers to the amount of water present within grains. It serves as a critical indicator of grain quality and affects their susceptibility to storage challenges such as mold growth, insect infestation, and spoilage. Controlling moisture content helps in avoiding financial losses caused by reduced nutritional value, decreased germination rates, and compromised marketability of grains.

Understanding Grain Moisture Levels

Different types of grains require unique moisture content levels for optimal storage conditions. Wheat, for instance, should ideally be stored at moisture levels ranging between 12% and 14%. Corn, on the other hand, is typically stored at moisture levels below 15%. It is essential for farmers to be aware of these specific requirements and regularly monitor the moisture content to avoid any potential risks or problems.

Monitoring Moisture Levels

To ensure accurate monitoring of moisture levels, it is crucial to invest in reliable and advanced grain moisture testing equipment. TSGC Inc. specializes in providing state-of-the-art grain moisture meters and analyzers that offer precise measurements and real-time data. These instruments utilize innovative technology to determine the moisture content of grains quickly, allowing farmers to make informed decisions regarding their storage strategies.

The Dangers of High Moisture Levels

High moisture levels can lead to a variety of issues during grain storage. Excess moisture creates an ideal environment for mold and fungal growth, which can produce toxins harmful to both humans and animals. Additionally, high moisture content promotes grain heating, further accelerating spoilage and reducing quality. The development of molds and the onset of heating can result in significant economic losses, negatively impacting both the productivity and profitability of your operation.

The Risks of Insufficient Moisture Control

On the other hand, inadequate moisture control can also lead to complications. If grain is stored with insufficient moisture, it may become excessively dry, affecting its weight, texture, and overall viability. Over-drying can result in brittle grains, leading to increased breakage during handling and transportation. Moreover, grains that are too dry might lose their nutritional value and experience decreased germination rates, ultimately impacting their market value and potential yields.

Preventing Spoilage and Maintaining Quality

To prevent spoilage and maintain grain quality during storage, it is essential to implement efficient moisture management practices. This involves both pre-harvest and post-harvest strategies. For pre-harvest, it is crucial to monitor weather conditions and plan harvest accordingly to achieve the desired moisture content. For post-harvest, using specialized grain drying equipment can help reduce moisture to the appropriate levels for safe storage. TSGC Inc. offers a range of reliable and advanced grain drying solutions tailored to meet your specific needs.

The Role of Proper Grain Handling

Proper grain handling is another crucial aspect of maintaining moisture content during storage. It includes activities such as regular turning, aeration, and effective temperature control. These practices help mitigate the risk of moisture migration and ensure uniform moisture distribution within the grain mass. By carefully monitoring the moisture content and employing appropriate handling techniques, you can minimize the potential for spoilage and prolong the shelf-life of your stored grains.


In conclusion, understanding and controlling the moisture content of grains is of utmost importance when it comes to long-term storage. With the risk of spoilage, reduced quality, and economic losses, investing in reliable moisture testing equipment and proper grain handling techniques is essential for any farmer or agricultural business. At TSGC Inc., we are dedicated to providing top-notch farm equipment repair and farming equipment solutions, including advanced grain moisture meters and drying systems. Contact us today to enhance your grain storage capabilities and ensure optimal moisture control.

moisture content of grains for storage